Orthodontics – Oral Issues, Observation & Appliances of treatment

Orthodontics – Oral Issues, Observation & Appliances of treatment

Nov 01, 2019

Dentistry is a wide field of study in medicine. It entails different specialties, including endodontics, cosmetic dentistry, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, and orthodontics. All the specialties are necessary to meet the diverse oral needs that patients have.

What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics in dentistry is concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of teeth structure to improve their appearance. It majors in correcting the positioning of teeth in the mouth. Orthodontists in Leland will indulge in dentofacial orthopedics to correct the bites of patients, all while improving the appearance of teeth. Leland orthodontists consider orthodontic treatments as cosmetic procedures because they focus on improving the appearance of patients. However, in the course of correcting malpositioned teeth and jaws, the functionality of teeth is also fixed.

Which Oral Issues Are Treated in Orthodontics?

It is clear that orthodontics is about straightening teeth. However, other issues can be corrected in this specialty of dentistry, including,

  1. Gaps between teeth – orthodontics can be used to close up gaps between teeth. Usually, the gaps are not caused by losing teeth but by the teeth and bone structure.
  2. Crowded teeth – this happens when teeth are bigger than the jaw can accommodate. The result is a crowded mouth of misaligned teeth.
  3. Improving chewing ability – when teeth are not correctly positioned, the bite is affected. Correcting a patient’s bite helps improve chewing and eating habits.
  4. Preventing tooth damage – sometimes, orthodontics can protect teeth from damage and tooth decay. This is especially in cases of a crowded mouth. The overlay of teeth on each other can make getting rid of –plaque difficult, breeding room for tooth decay for some of the teeth.

What Dental Appliances Are Used in Orthodontics?

Since orthodontics is focused on straightening teeth, a dentist in Leland will use different oral appliances to achieve better results. The choice of dental appliance usually depends on the recommendation of Leland dentists. It also depends on the severity of the misalignment of your teeth. Some appliances that can be used include:

  1. Traditional braces – are the most common kinds of dental devices that you will find in dental clinics. So many patients will have their dentist in Leland NC suggest traditional braces as the number one solution to straighten their teeth. It has been a common practice for children but has also been used severally for adults.
  2. Invisalign® – as an alternative to braces, Invisalign is used to straighten teeth. Most adults will ask their dentists in 28451 to install these aligners in place of traditional braces. They are loved because they are not very visible. This way, adults can get through their months of dental treatment without necessarily telling the whole world about it.
  3. Space maintainers – these appliances are common for children. They are used to reserve a space for a new tooth to grow in place of the baby teeth. If teeth do not grow quickly enough, the empty space can be filled by the existing teeth. Teeth will shift to occupy the space. This might lead to more complications of malpositioned teeth.
  4. Retainers – Retainers are used to maintain the results of the treatment offered by a dentist near you. Once your teeth are shifted, and in the right position, retainers help hold them in place.
  5. Headgear – a headgear is used to hold the upper jaw in place. This helps to slow down the growth of the upper jaw that might result in an improper bite. The headgear pulls back the upper front teeth back while holding the back ones in position.
  6. Palatal expander – while some people have problems with the jaw growing too fast, others cannot get it to grow large enough. A palatal expander is placed on the roof of the mouth. It places pressure on the joints of the jawbone, to cause the bone to expand outwards, making the upper jaw wider.
  7. Splints – these are jaw repositioning dental appliances. They are used in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders, which can also fall under orthodontics. They can be placed on either the lower or top jaw. Their role is to help the jaw close properly.

What to Observe After Orthodontic Treatment

After getting your teeth fixed, or during the treatment period, it is important to take good care of your teeth. Orthodontics involves an intricate process of shifting teeth and restructuring teeth. It is necessary to be patient with the process. Besides, take care of the dental appliance, so they can last you as long as needed.

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